What kind of bond does these have? 1.tap water 2.distilled water 3.sugar 4.salt 5.salt in distilled water 6.sugar in distilled water
1. Tap water has a small concentration of H+ & OH- ions as well as water molecules, hence there would be permanent dipole-permanent dipole (p.d.-p.d.) forces of attraction between the water molecules (aka H-bonds) as well as ionic bonds between the H+ & OH- ions. 2. Distilled water does not have H+ & OH- ions, hence only H-bonds exist between the water molecules. 3. There are covalent bonds between the individual sugar molecules. 4. There are ionic bonds between the Na+ & Cl- ions in NaCl. 5. There are p.d.-p.d. forces of attraction between the Na+ ions and the O2- partial ions of the water molecules as well as between the Cl- ions and the H+ partial ions of the water molecules. There are also H-bonds between the individual water molecules and ionic bonds between the Na+ & Cl- ions (although these are in much lower abundance than in unsolvated solid NaCl). 6. There are i.d.-i.d. as well as p.d.-p.d. forces of attraction between the sugar molecules and the water molecules. There are also H-bonds between the individual water molecules and covalent bonds within the sugar molecules.