what was bushido???why did samurai take up puruits like flower arranging

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Bushido (jap. 武士道) is an unwritten codex for samurai warriors which flourished in Tokugawa period (1603~1867). It originated from various texts written between XII and XVI century. Interesting part is that during the Tokugawa period, samurai warriors didn't have much to do, because it was a time of peace. They automaticaly become government officials (because thanks to neo-confucianism they had one of the highest social statuses) and picked up things like sado (also chado - tea ceremony), ikebana (flower arrangment), etc. They also started cultivating bushido, whilst training in dojos (special training grounds).  I hope this helps ;)  

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